Improving environment and health in Europe: How far have we gotten?
Pioneering the health-in-all-policies approach, the health ministries and environment ministries; of WHO European Region Member States, together with many other European stakeholders,; have gathered in five ministerial conferences, beginning in 1989, to identify priorities and develop; appropriate policies for environment and health. At the latest such ministerial conference,; held in Parma, Italy, in 2010, ministers and stakeholders committed themselves to pursuing; a set of goals and targets on: air quality; water and sanitation; children’s daily environments;; chemical safety and asbestos-related disease; climate change; and more. In 2015, at the so-; called Mid-Term Review, Member States met to assess progress in implementing the Parma; Agenda and to discuss future directions, in view of the upcoming 6th Ministerial Conference on; Environment and Health, scheduled for 2017. As described in this Report, substantial progress; has been made in several, but not all, domains; policies at the national and international levels; have greatly advanced and produced measurable gains, but some indicators remain at levels; that are of concern. More efforts are needed to reduce the still high burden of disease due to; environmental factors and its unequal distribution among European citizens.