Loss and damage: The Role of ecosystem services

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) (2016)

This report tries to advance understanding of climatic stressor effects on ecosystems and possible correlations and implications for societal losses and damages. Five case studies from Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America are used to illustrate effects through realworld examples, covering a range of climatic stressors, such as drought, floods, heat waves, and cyclones.

Assessment Report