Transboundary Waters Assessment Programme (TWAP) Vol. 4: Large Marine Ecosystems - A Global Comparative Assessment of Baseline: Status and Future Trends

United Nations Environment Programme ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (2016)

Volume 4 presents the results of the first global indicator-based, comparative assessment of large marine ecosystems,prepared in partnership with IOC-UNESCO (lead), the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA),the University of West Indies (Cave Hill) Centre for Resource Management and Environmental Studies (CERMES), theCenter for Marine Assessment and Planning (CMAP) University of California Santa Barbara, Dalhousie University, theJoint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection (GESAMP), the InternationalGeosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP), the Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT), the Universityof British Columbia Sea Around Us (UBC SAU), the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP WCMC),and a number of independent experts. An assessment of the Western Pacific Warm Pool, based on a sub-set of theindicators, is included.

Assessment Report