Resource Augmentation by Tapping Renewable Resources and by Utilizing Waste in Viet Nam
Rapidly growing countries are facing challenges on two fronts. Firstly, they need to ensure continuous availability of resources to support rapid industrialization and improved living standards. Secondly, they have to control pollution from industrial and municipal sources. To address both of these challenges with one strategy, UNEP implemented the project in the sugar industry in Viet Nam to harvest rainwater, to reuse wastewater and to convert organic waste into compost. Rainwater harvesting and wastewater reuse reduced the demand for freshwater and it also helped to reduce the quantity of wastewater to be discharged. This, in addition to environmental benefits, also helped the sugar industry to save on the fees for obtaining freshwater and on the charges for discharging wastewater. Compost from organic waste in sugar industry helped their farmers, who supply sugarcane, to reduce their costs for buying fertilizer. The project was implemented in partnership with the Viet Nam Cleaner Production Centre. The local partners and technical staff from the sugar industry were trained to undertake designing and implementation of environmentally sound technologies for rainwater harvesting, wastewater reuse and composting.