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Environmental Indicators in South Pacific

dc.contributor.authorUnited Nations Environment Programme
dc.coverage.spatialSouth Pacific
dc.descriptionAgenda 21 emphasized the need for developing indicators to provide the solid base for decision making at local, national, regional and global levels. The Johannesburg Plan of Implementation in 2002 reiterated the need for indicators to monitor economic, social and environmental progress for sustainable development. Goal 7 of the UN Millennium Development Goals is set for countries to ensure environmental sustainability through integrating principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes, and reverse the loss of environmental resources. This report on 'Environmental Indicators for South Pacific' has been prepared to present the trends of twenty three key indicators on air, water, land and biodiversity. It also presents trends on social and economic conditions through the selected indicators. Data have been collected for each indicator for each country in South Pacific for 1990, 1995 and 2000. This report provides an assessment of economic, social and environmental conditions in South Pacific based on available data and information. Lack of updated scientific database has been a major challenge in preparation of the report. This report highlights that South Pacific has the lowest population of all the sub-regions in Asia and the Pacific. South Pacific is economically and culturally a diverse sub-region consisting of developed countries such as Australia and New Zealand and smaller island nations with developing economies. The smaller island nations are being challenged by rapid urbanisation. These countries have fragile ecologies and it is imperative that the urbanisation process is tempered with awareness about the environment and safeguards to protect the natural environment along with improving living standards. This region also possesses great marine biodiversity. The Great Barrier Reef is the largest system of coral reefs in the world. This marine biodiversity is being threatened by increasing population, urbansiation and unsustainable land use patterns. Increasing global greenhouse gas emissions pose a threat to the lower lying islands of the sub-region. Water shortage and quality of drinking water are issues of concern in this sub-region. UNEP hopes that the 'Environmental Indicators for South Pacific' will be a useful document for government, nongovernment, regional and international organizations in the pursuit of developing policies and action plan. UNEP gratefully acknowledge the contribution of Environment Ministries, agencies, institutes and individuals in the preparation of the report.
dc.publisherUnited Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
dc.subjectindicator of environmental management
dc.subjectenvironmental indicator
dc.subjectenvironmental assessment
dc.subjectmarine conservation area
dc.subjectmarine ecosystem
dc.subjectmarine fauna
dc.subjectmarine pollution
dc.subjectocean dumping
dc.subjectocean exploitation
dc.subjectland management and planning
dc.subjectland development
dc.subjectland use
dc.subjectland conservation
dc.subjectmanagement of natural resources
dc.subjectair quality
dc.subjectair quality management
dc.subjectwater conservation
dc.subjectwater protection
dc.subjectwater quality
dc.subjectwater resource
dc.subjectwater resources management
dc.subject.classificationEcosystem Management
dc.titleEnvironmental Indicators in South Pacific
dc.typeReports and Books
wd.identifier.sdgSDG 6 - Clean Water and Sanitation
wd.identifier.sdgSDG 7 - Affordable and Clean Energy
wd.identifier.sdgSDG 11 - Sustainable Cities and Communities
wd.identifier.sdgSDG 12 - Responsible Consumption and Production
wd.identifier.sdgSDG 13 - Climate Action
wd.identifier.sdgSDG 14 - Life Below Water
wd.identifier.sdgSDG 15 - Life on Land
wd.identifier.sdgSDG 3 - Good Health and Well-being
wd.identifier.sdgSDG 8 - Good Jobs and Economic Growth

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