Compendium of Technologies for Treatment/Destruction of Healthcare Waste, Sep 2012

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) (2012)

Management of healthcare waste is becoming an issue of growing concern particularly in urban areas. In many developing countries it is still indiscriminately disposed of and often mixed with municipal waste, thus causing serious health and environmental hazards, particularly to the scavengers operating at dump sites. The technologies for the treatment of healthcare waste are not well understood or widely available in developing countries. As a result, if technology choices are made, they may not be well-informed, resulting in poor or uneconomic performance. This compendium: - reviews basic data on healthcare waste, including material constituents, moisture content, incombustibles, heating value, chemical composition, and bulk density. - outlines a process of technology selection based on UNEP's Sustainability Assessment of Technologies (SAT) methodology. - provides detailed process descriptions and information on types of waste treated, ranges of capacities, pathogen destruction, emissions, operational details, installation requirements, and maintenance needs for ten generic treatment technologies. - also deals with specific technologies.