Draft Guidelines for Drafters and Negotiators of the Protocol on Integrated Coastal Zone Management to the Nairobi Convention

United Nations Environment Programme (2018)

Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) has grown conceptually and operationally mainly in the last four decades since its inception in the United States of America in the early 1970s. The concept and practice of ICZM is not yet well understood, although it has gained widespread acceptance as a management system and vehicle for rational and sustainable utilization of coastal zone resources and uses. ICZM may be described generally as the management of human activities for sustainable use of coastal resources through proper policy management and technological interventions. It is deemed to be a useful management system that provides the essential approaches, methodologies, and a management framework for the attainment of sustainable development.

Background Documents