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A Rapid Assessment of the Impacts of the Iraq-Kuwait Conflict on Terrestrial Ecosystems Part Three: The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

dc.contributorEcosystems Divisionen_US
dc.contributor.authorUnited Nations Environment Programmeen_US
dc.coverage.spatialSaudi Arabiaen_US
dc.date.accessioned2018-07-13T10:05:17Z
dc.date.available2018-07-13T10:05:17Z
dc.date.issued1991
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11822/25729
dc.descriptionThis report gives an overall assessment of the effects of the Iraq-Kuwait conflict on the terrestrial ecosystems in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It also provides a description of the state of the environment in the Kingdom before and after the war, in addition to a draft environmental rehabilitation programme which includes recommendations and measures for the mitigation, rehabilitation and protection of the environment. The assessment was carried out by a UNEP three-man team, who visited the Kingdom (28.8 - 3.9.1991), worked closely with the Meteorology and Environmental Protection Administration (MEPA), carried out extensive field trips in the eastern region - the site of war activities - and discussed preliminary observations thoroughly with Saudi Experts. The report first dealt with the state of the environment before the Iraq-Kuwait Conflict. It described the physical factors. The area covers 224 million hectares out of which more than 120 million hectares are natural rangeland and which provide wildlife as well as livestock with biomass for feed. The vegetation is typical to the desert environment prevailing in the Arabian Peninsula, where the climate is hot and subjected, for the greater part of the year, to northerly winds moving from Eastern Mediterranean towards the Gulf. Most soils in Saudi Arabia are considered young soils (immature). About one-third of the area is sandy deserts (not stable sand dunes). Loamy shallow soils are distributed all over the country and occupy large areas.en_US
dc.formatTexten_US
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.rightsPublicen_US
dc.subjectFAUNAen_US
dc.subjectTERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMSen_US
dc.subjectECOSYSTEMSen_US
dc.subjectSOILSen_US
dc.subjectLAND USEen_US
dc.subjectFLORAen_US
dc.subjectVEGETATIONen_US
dc.subjectENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTIONen_US
dc.subjectCLIMATEen_US
dc.subjectIRAQ-KUWAIT SITUATIONen_US
dc.subjectSAUDI ARABIAen_US
dc.titleA Rapid Assessment of the Impacts of the Iraq-Kuwait Conflict on Terrestrial Ecosystems Part Three: The Kingdom of Saudi Arabiaen_US
dc.typeReports and Booksen_US
wd.identifier.newreleaseNoen_US
wd.identifier.sdgSDG 13 - Climate Actionen_US
wd.identifier.sdgSDG 15 - Life on Landen_US
wd.identifier.sdgSDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutionsen_US
wd.tagsAdaptationen_US
wd.tagsBiodiversityen_US
wd.tagsLanden_US
wd.topicsClimate changeen_US
wd.topicsDisasters & conflictsen_US
wd.topicsEcosystemsen_US
wd.identifier.pagesnumber96 p.en_US
wd.identifier.sdgiohttp://purl.unep.org/sdg/SDGIO_00000047
wd.identifier.sdgiohttp://purl.unep.org/sdg/SDGIO_00000049
wd.identifier.sdgiohttp://purl.unep.org/sdg/SDGIO_00000050


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