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Global International Waters Assessment: Indonesian Seas, GIWA Regional Assessment 57

dc.contributor.authorUnited Nations Environment Programme, GEF, University of Kalmar, Sweden
dc.coverage.spatialAsia and the Pacific
dc.descriptionThis report presents the GIWA assessment of the Indonesian Seas region, which comprises some 18 000 islands, is geologically and topographically diverse, and lies at the global centre of tropical marine biodiversity. The region supports a rapidly growing coastal population, and has rapidly deteriorating marine ecosystems with the likely imminent collapse of many of its coral reef-associated and pelagic fish populations. Unsustainable exploitation of living resources has caused severe environmental and socio-economic impacts across much of the region, and the major transboundary influence of the live food fish and aquarium trades, particularly poison fishing using cyanide, are further discussed. The causal chain analysis discusses the root causes of destructive fishing practices by investigating the cause-effect pathways of the issue. Policy options are analysed in order to enhance the management and improve the environmental quality of the region’s aquatic environment.
dc.publisherUnited Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), GEF, University of Kalmar, Sweden
dc.subjectnatural resource
dc.subjectresource conservation
dc.subjectresources management
dc.subjectwater analysis
dc.subjectwater conservation
dc.subjectwater consumption
dc.subjectwater demand
dc.subjectwater management
dc.subjectwater monitoring
dc.subjectwater protection
dc.subjectwater quality
dc.subjectwater resource
dc.subjectwater resources management
dc.subjectwater utilisation;environmental assessment
dc.subjectfreshwater conservation
dc.subjectfreshwater degradation
dc.subjectfreshwater ecosystem
dc.subjectfreshwater monitoring
dc.subjectfresh water pollution
dc.subjectfreshwater resource
dc.subjectpollution control
dc.subjectpollution cost
dc.subjectwater pollution
dc.subjectenvironmental conservation
dc.subjectenvironmental impact
dc.subjectenvironmental impact assessment
dc.subjectenvironmental protection
dc.subjectcoast protection
dc.subjectcoastal area
dc.subjectcoastal ecosystem
dc.subjectcoastal environment
dc.subjectcoastal pollution
dc.subjectcoastal water
dc.subjectmarine conservation area
dc.subjectmarine ecosystem
dc.subjectsea resource
dc.subjectsea water protection
dc.subjectcoastal fishing
dc.subjectcoastal management
dc.subjectriver basin development
dc.subjectriver management
dc.subjectwater resources conservation
dc.subjectwater resources development
dc.subjecttransboundary pollution
dc.subjectenvironmental pollution
dc.subject.classificationEcosystem Management
dc.subject.classificationEnvironmental Governance
dc.titleGlobal International Waters Assessment: Indonesian Seas, GIWA Regional Assessment 57
dc.typeReports and Books
wd.identifier.sdgSDG 14 - Life Below Water

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