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Global International Waters Assessment: South China Sea, GIWA Regional Assessment 54

dc.contributor.authorUnited Nations Environment Programme, GEF, University of Kalmar, Sweden
dc.coverage.spatialChina
dc.date.accessioned2016-10-11T20:08:28Z
dc.date.available2016-10-11T20:08:28Z
dc.date.issued2005
dc.identifier.urihttps://wedocs.unep.org/20.500.11822/8816
dc.descriptionThis report presents the GIWA assessment of the South China Sea region, which lies in the global centre of tropical marine biodiversity and comprises nine nations: China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei and the Philippines. The region supports a rapidly growing coastal population, and has rapidly deteriorating marine ecosystems with the likely immediate collapse of many of its coral reefs and pelagic fish populations. Habitat modification and overexploitation of living resources were found to cause the most severe transboundary environmental and socio-economic impacts in the region. The past and present status and future prospects of these issues are discussed, and they are traced back to their root causes. Policy options to mitigate these problems are proposed that aim to provide solutions to these fundamental issues, in order to enhance the management of the region's aquatic environment.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherUnited Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), GEF, University of Kalmar, Sweden
dc.rightsPublicen_US
dc.subjectnatural resource
dc.subjectresource conservation
dc.subjectresources management
dc.subjectwater
dc.subjectwater analysis
dc.subjectwater conservation
dc.subjectwater consumption
dc.subjectwater demand
dc.subjectwater management
dc.subjectwater monitoring
dc.subjectwater protection
dc.subjectwater quality
dc.subjectwater resource
dc.subjectwater resources management
dc.subjectwater utilisation;environmental assessment
dc.subjectfreshwater conservation
dc.subjectfreshwater degradation
dc.subjectfreshwater ecosystem
dc.subjectfreshwater monitoring
dc.subjectfresh water pollution
dc.subjectfreshwater resource
dc.subjectpollution control
dc.subjectpollution cost
dc.subjectwater pollution
dc.subjectenvironmental conservation
dc.subjectenvironmental impact
dc.subjectenvironmental impact assessment
dc.subjectenvironmental protection
dc.subjectcoast protection
dc.subjectcoastal area
dc.subjectcoastal ecosystem
dc.subjectcoastal environment
dc.subjectcoastal pollution
dc.subjectcoastal water
dc.subjectmarine conservation area
dc.subjectmarine ecosystem
dc.subjectsea resource
dc.subjectsea water protection
dc.subjectcoastal fishing
dc.subjectcoastal management
dc.subjectriver basin development
dc.subjectriver management
dc.subjectwater resources conservation
dc.subjectwater resources development
dc.subjecttransboundary pollution
dc.subjectenvironmental pollution
dc.subject.classificationEcosystem Management
dc.subject.classificationEnvironmental Governance
dc.titleGlobal International Waters Assessment: South China Sea, GIWA Regional Assessment 54
dc.typeReports and Books
wd.identifier.old-id11029
wd.identifier.uneplive1
wd.identifier.sdgSDG 14 - Life Below Water
wd.identifier.sdgiohttp://purl.unep.org/sdg/SDGIO_00000048


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