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dc.contributorLaw Divisionen_US
dc.contributor.authorUnited Nations Environment Programmeen_US
dc.contributor.authorAsian Institute of Technologyen_US
dc.contributor.authorInstitute for Advanced Sustainability Studiesen_US
dc.contributor.otherShrestha, R.M.en_US
dc.contributor.otherKim Oanh, N.T.en_US
dc.contributor.otherShrestha, R. P.en_US
dc.contributor.otherRupakheti, M.en_US
dc.contributor.otherRajbhandari, S.en_US
dc.contributor.otherPermadi, D.A.en_US
dc.contributor.otherKanabkaew, T.en_US
dc.contributor.otherIyngararasan, M.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-27T09:23:11Z
dc.date.available2017-07-27T09:23:11Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.isbn978-92-807-3325-9en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://wedocs.unep.org/20.500.11822/21482
dc.descriptionAtmospheric brown clouds (ABCs) are widespread layers of regional scale plumes of air pollution consisting of a mixture of anthropogenic sulfate, nitrate, organics, black carbon, dust, and fly ash particles. Recent scientific findings suggest that the impacts of ABCs, which include short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) such as black carbon and tropospheric ozone, have reached a critical point that raises the need for urgent action. An Atmospheric Brown Clouds (ABC) study published in 2010 (Ramanathan and Xu, 2010) showed that mitigation of all four SLCPs (black carbon, methane, ozone precursors, and HFCs) using maximum available technologies will reduce global warming by 0.6 degree C by 2050. Prompted by this finding and other scientific studies, UNEP commissioned a global assessment of black carbon and tropospheric ozone. The UNEP report was published in 2011. It confirmed the ABC study and suggested that widespread and swift implementation of a small number of already available mitigation measures targeting black carbon and methane emissions will decrease global warming by 0.5 degree C. The report also showed that measures to control SLCPs can prevent crops losses of 30 to 140 million tons and some 0.7 to 4.6 million premature deaths globally. Those regions that cut down significant levels of emissions will benefit most.en_US
dc.formatTexten_US
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.rightsPublicen_US
dc.subjectEMISSION INVENTORIESen_US
dc.subjectAIR POLLUTANTSen_US
dc.subjectCOMBUSTIONen_US
dc.subjectFOREST FIRESen_US
dc.subjectSOLID WASTE MANAGEMENTen_US
dc.subjectSOLVENTSen_US
dc.subject.classificationEnvironmental Governanceen_US
dc.subject.otherpollutant emissionen_US
dc.subject.othercombustion residueen_US
dc.subject.otheremission dataen_US
dc.subject.otheremission factoren_US
dc.subject.otherindustrial emissionen_US
dc.subject.othermunicipal wasteen_US
dc.titleAtmospheric Brown Clouds: Emission Inventory Manualen_US
dc.typeManuals and Guidesen_US
wd.identifier.newreleaseNoen_US
wd.identifier.sdgSDG 7 - Affordable and Clean Energyen_US
wd.identifier.sdgiohttp://purl.unep.org/sdg/SDGIO_00000041


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