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dc.contributorEconomy Divisionen_US
dc.contributor.authorUnited Nations Environment Programmeen_US
dc.coverage.spatialGlobalen_US
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-28T08:23:22Z
dc.date.available2020-08-28T08:23:22Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.urihttps://wedocs.unep.org/20.500.11822/33582
dc.descriptionThis study aims to improve understanding of the scope and effects of subsidies and taxes on fertilizers and pesticides globally based on a review of available literature. Based on a review of existing research, the study provides an overview of the scale and role of fiscal policy instruments, such as taxes and subsidies, in countries’ regulatory frameworks on pesticides and fertilizers and their impact on the availability, access and use of fertilizers and pesticides by farmers around the world. Drawing on available literature, the study evaluates the contribution of tax and subsidy programs to different policy objectives to assess the effectiveness and efficiency of such instruments in providing access to agricultural inputs and their role in encouraging their (in)appropriate use. The study provides insights from country experiences with using such fiscal instruments and in reforming inefficient/ineffective fiscal policies in the agriculture sector, comparing different policy designs adopted to identify good practices and lessons learnt on how to reform inefficient/ineffective subsidies and introduce taxes to reduce pollution and associated human health impacts from the use of pesticides and fertilizers in the agriculture sector. The study serves as a background document to a UNEA-5 Review Report on Environmental and Health Effects of Pesticides and Fertilizers (2020 forthcoming).en_US
dc.formatTexten_US
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.rightsPublicen_US
dc.subjectPESTICIDESen_US
dc.subjectFERTILIZERSen_US
dc.subjectTAX REVENUESen_US
dc.subjectAGRICULTURAL CHEMICALSen_US
dc.subjectENVIRONMENTAL HEALTHen_US
dc.subjectFISCAL POLICYen_US
dc.subjectSUBSIDIESen_US
dc.subjectTAXATIONen_US
dc.subjectFISCAL POLICYen_US
dc.titleStudy on the Effects of Taxes and Subsidies on Pesticides and Fertilizers: Background Document to UNEA-5 Review Report on the Environmental and Health Effects of Pesticides and Fertilizersen_US
dc.typeReports, Books and Bookletsen_US
wd.identifier.sdgSDG 3 - Good Health and Well-beingen_US
wd.identifier.sdgSDG 15 - Life on Landen_US
wd.tagsAgricultureen_US
wd.tagsHealthen_US
wd.topicsChemicals and Pollution Actionen_US
wd.topicsSustainable Development Goalsen_US
wd.identifier.pagesnumber50 pagesen_US


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