An Assessment Report on Issues of Concern: Chemicals and Waste Issues Posing Risks to Human Health and the Environment - September 2020
This report responds to Resolution 4/8 by the United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) and aims to inform the international community about the current situation of specific issues of concern, based on a review of evidence published within the past decade. It is meant to inform and support decision making at UNEA and other international forums working towards sound chemicals and waste management. After introduction and methods chapters, Chapter 3 assesses the eight emerging policy issues and issues of concern (for simplicity, hereafter both are referred to as “issues of concern”) identified by the International Conference on Chemicals Management (ICCM) under the Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM). It reviews how current regulatory and policy frameworks address them by specific instruments and actions, building on GCO-II findings and highlighting challenges and opportunities. Chapter 4 addresses the 11 issues with emerging evidence of risks identified by GCO-II. It assesses current exposure as well as instruments and actions under current regulatory and policy frameworks, highlighting challenges and opportunities. It also provides background information on environmental or human health effects of the issues based on existing assessments by national governments and intergovernmental institutions, to raise awareness among governments and stakeholders. Chapter 5 presents a “thought starter” on identification of issues of concern, including a review of existing approaches, a map of other current relevant initiatives, and considerations of potential areas in which future issues of concern might be identified and possible identification processes. Chapter 6 provides an overarching outlook for future international work on issues of concern.
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