Adaptation to Climate-change Induced Water stress in the Nile Basin - A vulnerability assessment report

United Nations Environment Programme (2013)

The Nile River Basins rich ecological resources are vital to the 238 million people living in the region. The basins natural environment is the ultimate source of its economic activities (production and consumption) and the sink for disposing of all its waste. At the same time, the Nile Basins human resources are also crucial assets, providing the labour and markets for goods that drive the regional economy. This report illustrates these links between people, the economy and the environment. For example, we learn that the Nile Delta and the wider Mediterranean coast account for 30-40 per cent of Egypt’s agricultural production and more than half of its tourism and industrial base. Water is central to all these activities and processes and must be available in sufficient quantities to meet environmental, consumption and social needs.

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